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Contacted Hosts No relevant hosts were contacted. Download All Memory Strings B. Ansi based on Hybrid Analysis df1f4ada5a14c3aef0dff88adf92b7fb70fdc6f3f3. Working with friends to solve mysteries, they protect the world from evil. Time in prison makes one of them consider a fresh beginning. Raina”,India,”April 17, “,,PG, min,”Dramas, International Movies”,”When daydreamer Ishaan is sent to boarding school, an unconventional art teacher tries to help the imaginative student discover his true identity.
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Carpenter, Matthew Lawler”,United States,”March 11, “,,TV-MA,99 min,”Horror Movies, Independent Movies”,”On an island, a fisherman’s family faces horrors and dark truths when an ominous force begins killing the wildlife and puts their own lives in danger. Will they pick fairy-tale nuptials or a dream home? Their adventures take them all around Los Angeles as they interview ghosts, solve problems and learn about their city’s history. But guess what the gardener just found? So when his crew double-crosses him, Parker teams up with an unlikely partner to even the score.
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Effective recruitment and retention strategies in community health programs. The aim of this project was to identify effective recruitment and retention strategies used by health-promotion organisations that focus on increasing physical activity and improving nutrition within the local community. Semistructured telephone or face-to-face interviews with 25 key informants from stakeholder organisations were conducted.
Transcribed data were analysed with NVivo software. Effective recruitment strategies included word of mouth, links with organisations, dissemination of printed materials, media, referrals, cross-promotion of programs and face-to-face methods.
Effective retention strategies included encouraging a sense of community ownership, social opportunities, recruiting a suitable leader and offering flexibility and support.
Fees and support for recruiting and retaining participants was also identified. This study provides novel insights to a greatly under researched topic in the field of health promotion. There are two key take-home messages from the present study that are applicable to health practitioners as well as developers and deliverers of community health-promotion programs: 1 it is imperative that all community health organisations report on the effectiveness of their recruitment and retention, both successes and failures; and 2 there is a clear need to tailor the recruitment and retention approach to the target population and the setting the program is occurring in.
These findings provide important insights for the development of future community-based healthy eating and physical activity programs. Recruiting Strategies for Women’s Colleges. Methods for combating declining applicant pools at women’s colleges are discussed.
Research suggests that effective student recruitment can be facilitated by the use of single-gender market niche as a means for differentiation and parent influence for promotion. Review of strategies currently used indicate these marketing methods are underused and….
Family scientists can face the challenge of effectively and efficiently recruiting normative samples of parents and families. Utilizing the Internet to recruit parents is a strategic way to find participants where they already are, enabling researchers to overcome many of the barriers to in-person recruitment. The present study was designed to compare three online recruitment strategies for recruiting parents: e-mail Listservs, Facebook, and Amazon Mechanical Turk MTurk. Analyses revealed differences in the effectiveness and efficiency of data collection.
In particular, MTurk resulted in the most demographically diverse sample, in a short period of time, with little cost. Listservs reached a large number of participants and resulted in a comparatively homogeneous sample. Facebook was not successful in recruiting a general sample of parents. Findings provide information that can help family researchers and practitioners be intentional about recruitment strategies and study design. The most frequent student recruitment strategies reported by secondary agriculture teachers were in order of effectiveness feeder schools, personal contacts, FFA, publications, strong curriculum, support groups, and special events.
Specific activities for each strategy were identified. Contains 34 references. Effective strategies to recruit young adults into an online wellbeing intervention. Methods Online and community strategies , which were of paid and unpaid nature, were utilised for recruiting participants aged between Online unpaid channels included Facebook and Twitter posts on the official pages of selected partner organisations, links on the websites of selected partner organisations, tailored messages and link via a University student learning portal, and bulk emails to various networks of young people.
Unpaid community based recruitment strategies included a bulk email to various community contacts, and face-to-face contact via meetings and presentations in schools and mental health services. The one paid community based strategy was the use of a recruitment agency.
All ads and posts were designed with final user input following principles of participatory methodology. All recruited participants were asked to complete a self-assessment of mood, energy levels, and sleep quality presented via visual analog scales, and also the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form assessment survey. Recruitment success via each of the strategies was descriptively analysed.
Univariate analysis of variance was conducted to explore if self reported measures varied between paid and unpaid channels of recruitment. Results A total of participants were recruited over a timeframe of 10 months. Least effective paid strategies included Google ads and YouTube ads, each accounting for only 0.
The average cost per participant recruited through paid channels was 85 AUD. Strategies to improve recruitment to randomised trials. Recruiting participants to trials can be extremely difficult. Identifying strategies that improve trial recruitment would benefit both trialists and health research.
To quantify the effects of strategies for improving recruitment of participants to randomised trials. A secondary objective is to assess the evidence for the effect of the research setting e.
Randomised and quasi-randomised trials of methods to increase recruitment to randomised trials. This includes non-healthcare studies and studies recruiting to hypothetical trials.
We excluded studies aiming to increase response rates to questionnaires or trial retention and those evaluating incentives and disincentives for clinicians to recruit participants.
We extracted data on: the method evaluated; country in which the study was carried out; nature of the population; nature of the study setting; nature of the study to be recruited into; randomisation or quasi-randomisation method; and numbers and proportions in each intervention group. We assessed heterogeneity between trial results.
We identified 68 eligible trials 24 new to this update with more than 74, participants. There were 63 studies involving interventions aimed directly at trial participants, while five evaluated interventions aimed at people recruiting participants.
All studies were in. One characteristic of strong geoscience departments is that they recruit and retain quality students. Two years ago we offered a pre-GSA workshop on recruiting and retaining students that attracted over 30 participants from over 20 different institutions, from liberal arts colleges to state universities to research intensive universities.
In all of these settings, a number of themes and concrete strategies have emerged. Recruitment strategies and challenges in a large intervention trial: Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial. As overall recruitment improved, a greater focus on subgroup recruitment was implemented. The trial exceeded its recruitment goal for minorities but found it a challenge to meet the competing demands of the targeted goals for recruiting into the remaining four subgroups.
Important lessons include the imperative to monitor the recruitment process carefully, decide early to add new clinics or modify inclusion and exclusion criteria if recruitment lags, and consider limiting enrollment to subgroups only. We found benefit in using multiple recruitment sources simultaneously; mass mailing produced the largest number of participants, but referrals resulted in the greater randomization yield. Recruitment of multiple stakeholders to health services research: Lessons from the front lines.
Full Text Available Abstract Background Self-administered surveys are an essential methodological tool for health services and knowledge translation research, and engaging end-users of the research is critical. However, few documented accounts of the efforts invested in recruitment of multiple different stakeholders to one health services research study exist.
Here, we highlight the challenges of recruiting key stakeholders policy-makers, clinicians, guideline developers to a Canadian Institutes of Health Research CIHR funded health services research HSR study aimed to develop an updated and refined version of a guideline appraisal tool, the AGREE. We calculated the participation rate and the recruitment efficiency. Results We mailed invitation letters. One policy-maker manager did not allow policy staff to participate in the study.
Conclusions Based on the results from this study, we suggest that future studies aiming to engage similar stakeholders in HSR over sample by at least 5 times to achieve their target sample size and allow for participant withdrawals.
We need continued efforts to communicate the value of research between researchers and end-users of research policy-makers, clinicians, and other researchers, integration of participatory research strategies , and promotion of the value of end-user involvement in research. Future research to understand methods of improving recruitment efficiency and engaging key stakeholders in HSR is warranted.
Recruitment of multiple stakeholders to health services research: lessons from the front lines. Self-administered surveys are an essential methodological tool for health services and knowledge translation research, and engaging end-users of the research is critical.
We mailed invitation letters. Based on the results from this study, we suggest that future studies aiming to engage similar stakeholders in HSR over sample by at least 5 times to achieve their target sample size and allow for participant withdrawals. We need continued efforts to communicate the value of research between researchers and end-users of research policy-makers, clinicians, and other researchers , integration of participatory research strategies , and promotion of the value of end-user involvement in research.
Strategies and ethical considerations for the recruitment of young men who have sex with men: challenges of a vaccination trial in Mexico. Recruiting MSM in a developing country such as Mexico presented multiple challenges.
We recommend that future studies actively engage the local MSM community and pay special attention to designing recruitment strategies that guarantee the confidentiality of and respect for participants. Current views of the links between life-history strategies and recruitment processes in fish are contrasted with the pattern emerging for squid. A general perspective is that the roles of space and time are reversed in the two groups, suggesting that management strategies also should differ.
Marketing the ‘Sex Check’: evaluating recruitment strategies for a telephone-based HIV prevention project for gay and bisexual men. Designing effective marketing and recruitment strategies for HIV prevention research requires attention to cultural relevance, logistical barriers, and perceived psychosocial barriers to accessing services. Nearly all channels offered success in reaching specific subgroups. Latinos responded favorably to posters, bisexuals responded favorably to paid media in an alternative non-gay publication, and precontemplators responded to referrals by family and friends.
Although multiple recruitment strategies were used, three were crucial to the success of the project: a recruiters ‘ presence in gay venues, b referrals by family and friends snowball technique , and c paid advertisements in alternative non-gay local newspapers.
Resource allocation and costs are also presented for each channel. Evaluating research recruitment strategies to improve response rates amongst South African nurses. Research purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate three research recruitment methods for their impact on recruitment and participation rates amongst South African nurses.
Motivation for the study: A limited number of studies exist that formally evaluates different recruitment strategies to improve participation in research amongst nurses within developing contexts, especially South Africa. Research approach, design and method: Participants were recruited using three different methods.
Main findings: Nursing management participation in the recruitment and data collection process produces more favourable response rates. Reminders and the use of shorter questionnaires also aid higher response rates.
Facebook as an effective recruitment strategy for mental health research of hard to reach populations. Full Text Available Recent reports indicate that Facebook FB may facilitate recruitment of hard to reach participants into mental health research. The present study aimed to contribute to this emerging literature by exploring recruitment data from a recently completed trial of online treatment for symptoms of anxiety and depression that targeted Arab people.
The present study compared traditional recruitment strategies such as media releases, emails, and print advertisements with Facebook strategies including boosting posts, promoting websites, events and FB public fan pages.
The main outcomes of interest were the number of started applications and the time and cost per application associated with the FB and traditional recruitment strategies. A target sample of was sought and a total of 81 participants applied to participate over the week recruitment period. The findings of the current study add to existing literature detailing the value of FB recruitment strategies , alongside more traditional strategies , as a way of recruiting hard-to-reach populations for research.
However, more research is needed to explore alternative and optimal strategies for the successful recruitment of hard to reach populations via FB and other online social media platforms. Recruitment strategy cost and impact on minority accrual to a breast cancer prevention trial. Recruitment of minorities to cancer prevention trials is difficult and costly.
Early-phase cancer prevention trials have fewer resources to promote recruitment. Identifying cost-effective strategies that can replace or supplement traditional recruitment methods and improve minority accrual to small, early-phase cancer prevention trials are of critical importance.
To compare the costs of accrual strategies used in a small breast cancer prevention trial and assess their impact on recruitment and minority accrual. A total of potential subjects with a known recruitment source contacted study coordinators about the SOY study, a breast cancer prevention trial. Total recruitment strategy cost included the cost of study personnel and material costs calculated from itemized receipts. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios ICERs were calculated to compare the relative cost-effectiveness of each recruitment strategy.
If a strategy was more costly and less effective than its comparator, then that strategy was considered dominated. Scenarios that were not dominated were compared. The primary effectiveness measure was the number of consents.
Separate ICERs were calculated using the number of minority consents as the effectiveness measure. A multitude of cytotactic cues direct cell migration in development, cancer metastasis and wound healing. However, our understanding of cell motility remains fragmented partially because current migration devices only allow the study of independent factors. We developed a cell motility assay that allows competitive recruitment of a given cell population simultaneously by gradients of multiple cytotactic cues, observable under real-time imaging.
Well-defined uniform gradients of cytotactic cues can be independently generated and sustained in each channel. The potency of a given cytokine in competition frequently differed from its individual action, substantiating the need to test multiple cytokines concurrently due to synergistic or antagonistic effects.
This new device has the rare capacity to screen molecules that induce cell migration in cancer therapy, drug development and tissue regeneration. Research on U. To examine literature on recruitment and retention of military women in research studies as an underrepresented, and potentially marginalized, population. A literature search was conducted to examine challenges, identify potential barriers and facilitators, and to inform strategies for recruitment and retention of military women in research studies.
This search was supplemented by findings in military-specific databases and discussions with Military Women’s Health Research Interest Group subject matter experts. Research with military women is often challenged by logistical, cultural, social, ethical, and methodological issues, which may hinder exploration of potentially sensitive issues.
Researchers must consider military-specific challenges to conducting research that include lengthy deployments, unpredictable military exercises, and foreign assignments, in accessing research participants. A case example shows strategies used in a military cervical cancer screening study. There are few published articles specific to research recruitment and retention in female military populations. Available resources broadly address recruitment challenges for Veterans, marginalized, hard-to-access, and transient research participants, which may provide guidance and strategies for success when applied to military populations.
Recruitment strategies and costs for a community-based physical activity program. A community-based participatory research project using social marketing strategies was implemented to promote physical activity among women aged 35 to 54 who were insufficiently active or completely inactive.
A variety of media were used to disseminate messages about how to enroll in Step Up. Step Out! This article describes the effectiveness and cost of the recruitment strategies and lessons learned in recruiting the women. Based on data from questionnaires, the most effective method of recruiting women into Step Up. The least effective method was billboards. Mass media was not as effective in recruiting women for the program as interpersonal efforts such as word of mouth.
Interpersonal efforts are a valuable and possibly underrated recruitment and promotion tool. Although the online hiring process is regarded as being more cost efficient, and the fastest route to finding the right candidates, i. Recruitment and retention strategies for expert nurses in abortion care provision. The purpose of this thematic analysis is to describe recruitment , retention and career development strategies for expert nurses in abortion care provision.
Thematic analysis influenced by grounded theory methods were used to analyze interviews, which examined cognitive, emotional, and behavioral processes associated with how nurses make decisions about participation in abortion care provision. The purposive sample consisted of 16 nurses, who were interviewed between November and August , who work or have worked with women seeking abortions in abortion clinics, emergency departments, labor and delivery units and post anesthesia care units. Several themes emerged from the broad categories that contribute to successful nurse recruitment , retention, and career development in abortion care provision.
All areas were significantly influenced by engagement in leadership activities and professional society membership. The most notable theme specific to recruitment was exposure to abortion through education as a student, or through an employer. Retention is most influenced by flexibility in practice, including: advocating for patients, translating one’s skill set, believing that nursing is shared work, and juggling multiple roles.
Lastly, providing on the job training opportunities for knowledge and skill advancement best enables career development. Clear mechanisms exist to develop expert nurses in abortion care provision. The findings from our study should encourage employers to provide exposure opportunities, develop activities to recruit and retain nurses, and to support career development in abortion care provision.
Additionally, future workforce development efforts should include and engage nursing education institutions and employers to design structured support for this trajectory.
Insights from agency theory and the social embeddedness perspective are combined to hypothesize whether and why. IES Report. Many employing organizations in the United Kingdom and elsewhere are finding it increasingly important to have an effective strategy for recruiting and developing higher education graduates. Numerous external and internal factors affect employers’ graduate recruitment and development strategies.
The following main approaches to graduates’ entry…. Strategies to enhance participant recruitment and retention in research involving a community-based population. Challenges associated with recruiting and retaining community-based populations in research studies have been recognized yet remain of major concern for researchers.
There is a need for exchange of recruitment and retention techniques that inform recruitment and retention strategies. Here, the authors discuss a variety of methods that were successful in exceeding target recruitment and retention goals in a randomized clinical trial of hearing protector use among farm operators.
Recruitment and retention strategies were 1 based on a philosophy of mutually beneficial engagement in the research process, 2 culturally appropriate, 3 tailored to the unique needs of partnering agencies, and 4 developed and refined in a cyclical and iterative process.
Sponsoring organizations are interested in cost-effective recruitment and retention strategies , particularly relating to culturally and ethnically diverse groups.
These approaches may result in enhanced subject recruitment and retention, concomitant containment of study costs, and timely accomplishment of study aims. Pulmonar recruitment in acute respiratory distress syndrome. What is the best strategy? Full Text Available Supporting patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome ARDS, using a protective mechanical ventilation strategy characterized by low tidal volume and limitation of positive end-expiratory pressure PEEP is a standard practice in the intensive care unit.
However, these strategies can promote lung de- recruitment , leading to the cyclic closing and reopening of collapsed alveoli and small airways.
Recruitment maneuvers RM can be used to augment other methods, like positive end-expiratory pressure and positioning, to improve aerated lung volume. Clinical practice varies widely, and the optimal method and patient selection for recruitment maneuvers have not been determined, considerable uncertainty remaining regarding the appropriateness of RM. This review aims to discuss recent findings about the available types of RM, and compare the effectiveness, indications and adverse effects among them, as well as their impact on morbidity and mortality in ARDS patients.
Recent developments include experimental and clinical evidence that a stepwise extended recruitment maneuver may cause an improvement in aerated lung volume and decrease the biological impact seen with the traditionally used sustained inflation, with less adverse effects. Prone positioning can reduce mortality in severe ARDS patients and may be an useful adjunct to recruitment maneuvers and advanced ventilatory strategies , such noisy ventilation and BIVENT, which have been useful in providing lung recruitment.
Enhancing marketing recruitment strategies : administrator tenure and nursing expenditures. The findings of this study suggest that information on administrative tenure can be utilized to attract applicants by appealing to criteria within their high-involvement job search activities.
High-involvement applicants proactively seek recruitment content that provides essential job attributes that match their needs and skills and are more apt to be a higher quality candidate. Based upon the study’s findings, managers are offered marketing strategy recommendations for tailoring recruiting messages that appeal to high-involvement job seekers.
Participant recruitment from minority religious groups: the case of the Islamic population in South Australia. Participant recruitment is a fundamental component of the research process and the methods employed to attract individuals will depend on the nature of the study.
Recruitment may be more challenging when the study involves people from a minority religious group. However, this issue has not been well addressed in the literature. To discuss the challenges of recruiting participants from a minority religious group the Islamic population to participate in an interpretive, hermeneutic study concerning the experience of hospitalization.
The challenges of recruitment encountered during this study are used as the basis for a broader discussion of this important issue. To ensure the success of this phase of the study, a pre-planned recruitment strategy was essential. Multiple recruitment strategies were used, including hospital-based recruitment , snowball sampling, advertising and contact with key people. Despite the use of multiple strategies , recruitment of participants was difficult and required an extended period of time to achieve sufficiently rich data.
Thirteen participants shared their lived experience to provide an in-depth understanding of the phenomenon. Recruiting participants from minority religious group involves potentially sensitive issues.
There is an increased need for the researchers to carefully consider potential participants’ rights and ensure that sound ethical principles underpin the study, as failure to do this may hinder the recruitment process. The two most effective strategies of recruitment were snowball sampling and contact with key Islamic people, with the least effective being advertising.
This paper highlights the importance of anticipating potential difficulties and pre-planning strategies to overcome barriers to recruitment. Implementation of multiple strategies is recommended to ensure successful research recruitment. Recruitment strategies for a lung cancer chemoprevention trial involving ex-smokers. The ability to recruit qualified subjects who are willing to adhere to the study protocol in clinical trials is an essential component of translational research. Such tasks can be particularly challenging for chemoprevention studies when the targeted study population is healthy, at risk individuals who do not have signs or symptoms of the disease, and the study participation involves complex scheduling and invasive procedures such as bronchoscopy.
In this report, we describe the recruitment process and evaluated the effectiveness of various recruitment strategies utilized in our National Cancer Institute sponsored lung cancer chemoprevention study with celecoxib. Heavy ex-smokers were recruited into the study through various methods such as radio advertisements, print media, mass mailings, flyers, internet postings and others.
The number of inquiries, on-site screenees and randomization generated by each method determined the efficacy of that recruitment strategy. We prescreened individuals, invited people for on-site screening and randomized subjects. Radio advertisements ads generated the most inquiries Radio ads, although costly, yielded the most subjects for on-site screening and randomization. Moreover, among the various types of radio stations, news radio stations were by far the most successful.
Our results suggest that advertising on news radio is a highly effective recruitment method for successful accrual of ex-smokers into lung cancer chemoprevention trials. Recruitment strategy effectiveness for a cryotherapy intervention for a venous leg ulcer prevention study. To describe the strategies and costs associated with recruiting African American and white adults into a randomized controlled pilot trial. We sought to recruit 60 participants 21 African Americans, 37 whites, and 2 Hispanic or Latino to complete the study.
Proactive and reactive recruitment strategies were implemented to recruit subjects. Seventy-three individuals 9 African American men, 29 African American women, 11 white men, 22 white women, 1 Asian woman, and 1 Hispanic woman were screened, and of those, 67 were randomized 9 African American men, 25 African American women, 9 white men, 22 white women, 1 Asian woman, and 1 Hispanic women.
An additional 8 subjects canceled or did not show up for a first appointment. Reactive recruitment strategies were most successful for recruiting men, women, African American, and white participants. Of the healthcare provider referrals 19 , wound care nurses referred 12 completed participants.
Reactive strategies per participant completer proved more cost-efficient than proactive. Recruitment of hard-to-reach population subgroups via adaptations of the snowball sampling strategy. Nurse researchers and educators often engage in outreach to narrowly defined populations.
This article offers examples of how variations on the snowball sampling recruitment strategy can be applied in the creation of culturally appropriate, community-based information dissemination efforts related to recruitment to health education programs and research studies.
Examples from the primary author’s program of research are provided to demonstrate how adaptations of snowball sampling can be used effectively in the recruitment of members of traditionally underserved or vulnerable populations. The adaptation of snowball sampling techniques, as described in this article, helped the authors to gain access to each of the more-vulnerable population groups of interest. The use of culturally sensitive recruitment strategies is both appropriate and effective in enlisting the involvement of members of vulnerable populations.
Adaptations of snowball sampling strategies should be considered when recruiting participants for education programs or for research studies when the recruitment of a population-based sample is not essential. The contribution of this research is to address this question from the perspective of institutional logic at the organizational level of analysis and thereby go some The data for the research were collected from a population of organizations in Denmark in , mainly by means of qualitative interviews.
Three major institutional logics which guide recruitment practices were identified and are presented in this paper. These logics In order to determine which recruitment methods most effectively resulted in accrual of subjects, recruitment efforts at the University of Iowa were evaluated, one of three clinical sites involved in a longitudinal prospective study of dental caries. Recruitment strategies included 1 a direct mailing to potential subjects who were University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics patients and potentially met inclusion criteria; 2 face-to-face recruitment visits at medical offices; 3 provision of recruitment materials to staff at off-campus agencies and medical offices serving low-income individuals; 4 a campus-wide mass e-mail; 5 recruitment materials to daycare centers and neighborhood centers; and 6 recruitment at a children’s museum.
For the face-to-face strategy , the contact at the children’s museum was most successful compared to the other office settings. The lowest rate of recruitment of 0. However, in terms of actual numbers recruited , the mass e-mail remained an important modality since it yielded 21 recruits and was much less time-intensive. An intensive, multi-pronged recruitment strategy proved successful in meeting enrollment goals and resulted in finishing the enrollment prior to the projected study deadline.
Effective recruitment approaches are imperative for a study’s success and each recruitment strategy needs to be budgeted and. Impact of different recruitment strategies on accelerometry adherence and resulting physical activity data: A secondary analysis. Full Text Available Strategies for increasing adherence to physical activity assessments are often linked to extra financial or personal effort. This paper aims to investigate the influence of the recruitment strategy on participants’ adherence to accelerometry and resulting PA data.
In the active recruitment AR group, vocational students were invited to actively volunteer for the accelerometry. Impact of recruitment strategy on adherence and PA data was examined by regression analysis. Average adherence to the accelerometry was The difference in recruitment strategy did not affect adherence to accelerometry. The data imply that AR may be applicable.
Future studies using larger sample sizes and diverse populations should further investigate these trends. Strategies for increasing adherence to physical activity assessments are often linked to extra financial or personal effort. Strategies for improving patient recruitment to focus groups in primary care: a case study reflective paper using an analytical framework. With the current drive to increase numbers of patients involved in primary care studies, we need to know more about successful recruitment approaches.
There is limited evidence on recruitment to focus group studies, particularly when no natural grouping exists and where participants do not regularly meet. The aim of this paper is to reflect on recruitment to a focus group study comparing the methods used with existing evidence using a resource for research recruitment , PROSPeR Planning Recruitment Options: Strategies for Primary Care.
Despite a considered approach at the design stage, there were a number of difficulties with recruitment. The recruitment strategy and subsequent revisions are detailed. Results The researchers’ modifications to recruitment , justifications and evidence from the literature in support of them are presented. Contrary evidence is used to analyse why some aspects were unsuccessful and evidence is used to suggest improvements. Recruitment to focus group studies should be considered in two distinct phases; getting potential participants to contact the researcher, and converting those contacts into attendance.
The difficulty of recruitment in primary care is underemphasised in the literature especially where people do not regularly come together, typified by this case study of patients with sleep problems.
Conclusion We recommend training GPs and nurses to recruit patients during consultations. Multiple recruitment methods should be employed from the outset and the need to build topic related non-financial incentives into the group meeting should be considered. Recruitment should be monitored regularly with barriers addressed iteratively as a study progresses. Recruitment strategies should not be randomly selected: empirically improving recruitment success and diversity in developmental psychology research.
Psychological and developmental research have been critiqued for the lack of diversity of research samples. Because differences in culture, race, and ethnicity can influence participant behavior, limited diversity limits the generalizability of the findings. These differences may also impact how participants behave in response to recruitment attempts, which suggests that recruitment itself may be leveraged to increase sample diversity.
The goal of the current study was to determine what factors, within a recruitment interaction, could be leveraged to increase success and diversity when recruiting families with children for developmental research. Study 1 found three factors influenced success: 1 recruitment was more successful when other potential participants were also interested i. The latter two factors interacted, suggesting some recruiters were using less optimal scripts.
To improve success rates, study 2 randomly assigned scripts to recruiters and encouraged them to recruit more vigorously during busy periods. Study 2 found that two factors influenced success: 1 some scripts were more successful than others and 2 we were more successful at recruiting non-White potential participants than White participants. These two interacted, with some scripts being more successful with White and other scripts being more successful with non-White families.
This intervention significantly increased recruitment success rate by 8. These findings reveal that empirically evaluating and tailoring recruitment efforts based on the most successful strategies is effective in boosting diversity through increased participation of children from non-White families. Recruiting hard-to-reach United States population sub-groups via adaptations of snowball sampling strategy. The adaptation of snowball sampling techniques, as described in this article, helped the authors to gain access to each of the more vulnerable population groups of interest.
Adaptations of snowball sampling strategies should be considered when recruiting participants for education programs or subjects for research studies when recruitment of a population based sample is not essential. Strategies for recruiting South Asian women to cancer screening research and the lessons learnt. The aim of this study was to describe and discuss the recruitment strategies used in a research study of cervical cancer screening among South Asian women, the challenges encountered and the lessons learnt from the experience.
Ethnic minority populations face different barriers to participating in research studies. Strategies have been developed to recruit this population to health-related research in Western countries, but there is little information about such research in the Asian region.
Discussion paper. The discussion is based on our previous experience. The source of this experience is the recruitment strategies used, their results and the challenges encountered during the process.
Culturally, relevant strategies and maintaining good relationships with stakeholders improved participant recruitment. Familiarity with South Asians’ traditional calendar – when cultural and religious festivals are held every year – would aid the setting up of appropriate schedules for participant recruitment , either before or after the periods when they cannot be reached, such as Ramadan.
South Asian women are often busy with childcare and housework. This is their major responsibility in the family and any failure to fulfil such duties is a source of stress and may foster feelings of guilt. A better understanding of their daily routines is therefore important. Such information enables the establishment of daily meeting schedules to increase the success rate of recruitment.
Recruitment is a tedious process, but appropriate planning and taking account of cultural and religious practices and daily schedules will help to improve its rate of success. Motor unit recruitment strategies are altered during deep-tissue pain. Muscle pain is associated with decreased motor unit discharge rate during constant force contractions.
As discharge rate is a determinant of force, other adaptations in strategy must explain force maintenance during pain. Our aim was to determine whether motor unit recruitment strategies are altered during pain to maintain force despite reduced discharge rate. Motor unit discharge behavior was recorded in two muscles, one with quadriceps and one without [flexor pollicis longus FPL ] synergists. Motor units were recruited during matched low-force contractions with and without experimentally induced pain, and at higher force without pain.
A total of 52 and 34 units were recorded in quadriceps and FPL, respectively, during low-force contractions with and without pain. Of these, 20 quadriceps and 9 FPL units were identified during both trials. The discharge rate of these units reduced during pain in both muscles [quadriceps: 8. We conclude that reduced motor unit discharge rate with pain is accompanied by changes in the population of units used to maintain force. The recruitment of new units is partly inconsistent with generalized inhibition of the motoneuron pool predicted by the “pain adaptation” theory, and provides the basis for a new mechanism of motor adaptation with pain.
During screening, participants were asked: “How did you hear about the study? Clinics were more effective in recruiting younger women years and women not using ASOs. Recruitment challenges centered on engaging these harder to reach women. Successes included hiring PRAs who built participant trust, linking with clinics to reach women isolated from HIV communities, involving outreach workers to engage street-involved women, and disseminating study information to diverse stakeholders.
Having multiple approaches, engaging a diverse team of PRAs, ensuring flexibility, and cultivating reciprocal relationships with community stakeholders were key to recruiting a diverse and representative sample of WLWH.
People from non-White racial groups and other underserved populations, including Latinos, are frequently reluctant to participate in research. Yet their participation into research is foundational to producing information that researchers and health care providers need to address health disparities.
The purpose of this article is to describe challenges we have encountered along with culturally relevant strategies we used in five research studies to recruit Mexican American participants from community settings, some of whom were also of low socioeconomic status. Ford, Marvella E. Background Colorectal cancer CRC survival rates are increasing.
Effective strategies to recruit CRC survivors to surveillance studies are needed. Objective We analyzed the barriers encountered while recruiting CRC survivors to a study assessing their surveillance care experiences. In Phase III, survivors who had received CRC resection within the past two years were identified via a statewide, population-based cancer registry.
Telephone-based data collection strategies produced higher response rates. Costs of Recruiting Couples to a Clinical Trial. Multiple barriers contribute to the slow recruitment of participants to research studies, which in turn extends the time required to translate promising scientific discoveries into proven therapeutic interventions.
A small but growing literature is developing on the extraordinary costs of recruiting participants to studies, and thereby demonstrating that underestimating the cost of participant recruitment can contribute to these recruitment problems.
Recruitment challenges are further compounded when dyads two individuals engaged in a sociologically significant relationship, such as husbands and wives, siblings or extended families must be recruited to an illness-focused study. For these latter groups, there are no data to guide researchers in how to anticipate those participant recruitment costs. This paper describes the staff costs for a variety of strategies used to recruit participants to a randomized supportive care study for couples who were within 18 months of a prostate cancer diagnosis.
Pegged to the value of the U. Accrual per strategy ranged from zero to enrolled couples. When asked for secondary sources of information about the study, many participants reported more than one source of study referral, reflective of the multifaceted recruitment strategies deployed.
In spite of innovative, culturally competent, and broad based recruitment methods, attainment of a diverse sample was difficult to accomplish in this study. Having estimates of the actual cost of recruiting dyads to research studies can help investigators prepare realistic study.
Strategies for moving towards equity in recruitment of rural and Aboriginal research participants. Equitable recruitment strategies , designed to ensure improved opportunities to participate in the research, are needed to include First Nations FN communities. The purpose of this article is to report on a set of successful strategies trialed with rural and FN communities in Canada. Community partners and the study’s decision-maker partners helped to identify and recruit primary care practices and reserve communities who were offering GMVs.
Participants completed a survey either in person or via telephone. Content analysis was conducted on team meeting and field notes, focusing on issues related to the data collection process. Financial analysis was conducted on monetary resources spent on recruitment efforts in the various communities.
Data were recorded regarding the number of times potential participants were contacted and mode of interview. Descriptive statistics were used to examine whether there were differences by mode of data collection, gender, and FN status.
Logistic regression was used to examine whether FN status remained statistically significant after controlling for sex, education, employment status, age and health status.
Content analysis revealed two overarching categories: 1 communication and coordination of the geographically dispersed research team and participating communities was maintained using synchronous and asynchronous methods; and 2 flexibility was needed to tailor recruitment strategies.
Financial resources. Identification of recruitment and retention strategies for rehabilitation professionals in Ontario, Canada: results from expert panels. Demand for rehabilitation services is expected to increase due to factors such as an aging population, workforce pressures, rise in chronic and complex multi-system disorders, advances in technology, and changes in interprofessional health service delivery models. However, health human resource HHR strategies for Canadian rehabilitation professionals are lagging behind other professional groups such as physicians and nurses.
The objectives of this study were: 1 to identify recruitment and retention strategies of rehabilitation professionals including occupational therapists, physical therapists and speech language pathologists from the literature; and 2 to investigate both the importance and feasibility of the identified strategies using expert panels amongst HHR and education experts.
A review of the literature was conducted to identify recruitment and retention strategies for rehabilitation professionals. Two expert panels, one on Recruitment and Retention and the other on Education were convened to determine the importance and feasibility of the identified strategies.
A modified-delphi process was used to gain consensus and to rate the identified strategies along these two dimensions. A total of 34 strategies were identified by the Recruitment and Retention and Education expert panels as being important and feasible for the development of a HHR plan for recruitment and retention of rehabilitation professionals.
Based on the results from the expert panels, the three major areas of focus for HHR planning in the rehabilitation sector should include strategies addressing Quality of Worklife and Work Environment, Financial Incentives and Marketing and Professional Development.
Full Text Available Abstract Background Demand for rehabilitation services is expected to increase due to factors such as an aging population, workforce pressures, rise in chronic and complex multi-system disorders, advances in technology, and changes in interprofessional health service delivery models.
Methods A review of the literature was conducted to identify recruitment and retention strategies for rehabilitation professionals. Results A total of 34 strategies were identified by the Recruitment and Retention and Education expert panels as being important and feasible for the development of a HHR plan for recruitment and retention of rehabilitation professionals.
Conclusion Based on the results from the expert panels, the three major areas of focus for HHR planning in the rehabilitation sector should include strategies addressing Quality of Worklife and Work Environment, Financial Incentives and Marketing and Professional. The most effective strategy for recruiting a pregnancy cohort: A tale of two cities.
Manca, D. In Calgary, a larger proportion of women obtain obstetrical care from family physicians than from obstetricians; otherwise the cities have similar characteristics. Despite similarities of the cities, the recruitment success was very different. The purpose of this paper is to describe recruitment strategies , determine which were most successfu The most effective strategy for recruiting a pregnancy cohort: a tale of two cities.
Manca, Donna P; O? Recruitment of oncology nurses for Internet research: issues and future directions. To provide future directions for Internet research based on issues raised during the recruitment process of an Internet survey of oncology nurses.
Throughout the research process, the research staff recorded issues as they arose and wrote memos regarding recruitment issues and possible reasons for the issues. Weekly group discussions were conducted, and written records of the discussions were kept. The written memos and records were reviewed, and the content was analyzed.
The recruitment issues included flexibility required, mutual trust, changing Internet dynamics, and potential selection bias. As the issues indicated, recruiting nurses for the study only through the Internet did not work well.
For future Internet research, the authors suggest using multiple Internet and real settings for recruitment , a variety of strategies , the quota sampling method, and creative motivation strategies. Under new school-choice policies, schools feel increasing pressure to market their schools to parents and students. I examine how school leaders in New Orleans used different marketing strategies based on their positions in the market hierarchy and the ways in which they used formal and informal processes to recruit students.
This study relied on…. Mendez-Luck, Carolyn A. Purpose: We describe the recruitment strategies and personnel and materials costs associated with two community-based research studies in a Mexican-origin population.
We also highlight the role that academic-community partnerships played in the outreach and recruitment process for our studies. We reviewed study documents using case study…. Strategies to enhance patient recruitment and retention in research involving patients with a first episode of mental illness. Recruitment and retention of research participants is often the most labor-intensive and difficult component of clinical trials. Poor recruitment and retention frequently pose as a major barrier in the successful completion of clinical trials.
In fact, many studies are prematurely terminated, or their findings questioned due to low recruitment and retention rates. The conduct of clinical trials involving youth with a first episode of mental illness comes with additional challenges in recruitment and retention including barriers associated with engagement and family involvement. To develop effective early interventions for first episode mental illness, it is necessary to develop strategies to enhance recruitment and retention in this patient population.
This article presents the recruitment and retention challenges experienced in two clinical trials: one involving participants experiencing a first episode of depression and one involving participants experiencing a first episode psychosis. Challenges with recruitment and retention are identified and reviewed at both the patient level and clinician level.
Strategies that were implemented to enhance recruitment and retention in these two studies are also discussed. Finally, ethical issues to consider when implementing these strategies are also highlighted. Recruiting patients as partners in health research: a qualitative descriptive study. Results Recruitment infrastructures available to respondents varied, but could be categorized into three models including the traditional, third-party and directory models.
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Four centuries later, a family make a pilgrimage for their own child. South Asian women are often busy with childcare and housework. Follow the Oakland dog trainer as he works with a range of canines and owners. Between September and May , we implemented a seven-phased recruitment strategy that included the use of online and offline strategies to enroll a total of participants into an online survey about recent sexual behavior and various psychosocial measures.
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We conducted a http://replace.me/20054.txt analysis of the yield and cost of 10 recruitment strategies used to recruit primary care practices to a randomized trial to improve cardiovascular disease risk factor management. The main outcomes of interest were the number of started applications and the time and cost per application associated with the FB and traditional recruitment strategies. The paper also describes many specific strategies for use by colleges and universities to recruitretain, and graduate Native Windows 10 rsat 1809 students.❿
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This study provides novel insights to a greatly under researched topic in the field of health promotion. Media Lab researcher Joy Buolamwini uncovered flaws in facial recognition technology. We reviewed study documents atlamta case study methodology to categorize recruitment methods, examine community partnerships, editable templates for powerpoint calculate study costs. A large fraction of the cost of conducting clinical trials is allocated to recruitment of participants. Yield and cost effectiveness were lowest for media advertising. Recruitment windows update 1709 download manuella aziza atlanta and costs associated with community-based research in a Mexican-origin population. Resources Icon.